Factors Affecting Mesothelioma Remission
Surgery is the best option to achieve mesothelioma remission.
During mesothelioma surgery, the surgeon will remove the cancer lining the organs and may often combine this physical extraction with treatment such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy to increase the success and the potential for remission.
Patients with stage 1 or stage 2 mesothelioma diagnoses are often eligible for surgery that could possibly extend their life if mesothelioma remission is achieved.
Below, learn more about some of the most common types of surgeries for mesothelioma patients.
Any surgery that is aimed at symptom relief is referred to as palliative. Typically, palliative surgeries are for patients in the late stages of mesothelioma who may not be eligible for surgeries aimed at complete cancer removal.
However, patients in the early stages of mesothelioma can also benefit from palliative surgery.
Pleurectomy/decortication is a lung surgery that removes the cancerous lining and any tumors on the surface of the lung. Surgeons may often combine the P/D with intraoperative radiation to remove remaining mesothelioma cells.
Cytoreduction With HIPEC
Peritoneal mesothelioma patients are eligible for cytoreduction with HIPEC (heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy), wherein the surgeon will remove the cancerous lining of the abdomen and any surrounding tumors.
Following this, HIPEC is conducted to remove the remaining mesothelioma cells.
Pericardiectomy is surgery intended for patients with pericardial mesothelioma, whereby the surgeon will remove the cancerous lining of the heart and any surrounding tumors that are visible.
Extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP)
For patients with pleural mesothelioma, extrapleural pneumonectomy may be the best surgical option to remove the cancerous lung and any surrounding tissue.
Surgeons may often combine the EPP with intraoperative chemotherapy as this aims to extend the patient’s lifespan.
If you have been diagnosed with mesothelioma, your doctor will be able to provide your eligibility for surgery and detail the best procedure for you.
While individual treatments can affect patients positively — perhaps leading to remission — doctors often will achieve more favorable results by combining multiple treatments that will monitor, control, and remove the cancerous cells.
Multimodal therapy is the combination of more than one type of treatment and has been found to improve the rates of survival and quality of life for patients. The patients must be eligible, however, for this relatively aggressive mesothelioma treatment approach.
Did You Know?
Multimodal treatment often focuses on a surgery that will remove the tumor, with chemotherapy and radiation conducted prior, during, or following the surgery.
Cytoreductive abdominal surgery combined with HIPEC has been named as the most effective treatment approach for peritoneal mesothelioma patients, granted that they are eligible for these treatments and their overall health is robust enough to undergo therapy.
For pleural mesothelioma patients, there is no one treatment plan that triumphs the others at this time. The treatment will depend on each patient’s individual situation and can be discussed with the doctors caring for them.
It should be noted that multimodal treatment is considered an aggressive form of cancer treatment and not all mesothelioma patients are candidates for or will qualify as candidates for such an approach.
Such treatments always come with risks, but it is also important to remember that there are many mesothelioma and other cancer survivors that have extended their lifespan for years beyond the initial prognosis due to such treatments.
A clinical trial is conducted to discover new and improved treatments for cancer and consists of several phases.
During the early phases, clinical trials examine the safety of the new treatment and common side effects will be identified.
During the latter stages of the clinical trials, specialists will test the effectiveness of this new treatment over existing treatments to determine if it should be reviewed by the FDA for potential approval as a new standard of care.
When medical specialists discover that a new treatment is working, the clinical trial will often continue.
Research and testing in cancer have found that there are often opportunities to improve effective treatments even further, sometimes by modifying doses or combining it with other forms of treatment.
Did You Know?
There are generally three phases of clinical trials, though some will have an earlier stage zero and some will have a fourth stage conducted following the license of the medication.
It is also worth remembering that not every clinical trial will examine specific medications or drugs. Many clinical trials will examine surgery and radiotherapy treatments, as well as lifestyle effects, support, and care provided.