Bricks and Asbestos Exposure

Summary

Bricks have been one of the nation's primary building products for several centuries. Bricks are made from a mineral base like clay or concrete and formed through a baking process, becoming nearly indestructible pieces to build everything from chimneys to structural supports. The key to strongly binding bricks is in the materials added to their composition and mortar. Until recently, almost all American bricks and their cement joining mortar contained vast quantities of asbestos.

Asbestos was used in brick manufacturing and the bricklaying process because it added immense tensile strength to materials. Asbestos was lightweight as well. That reduced heavy burdens as gravity forces pulled at tall walls and fire flues. And asbestos gave brick materials a fantastic ability to withstand high heat and be fireproof. It’s no wonder bricks were the prime choice for fireplace linings known as firebricks.

Asbestos had other qualities making it the best choice for brick and mortar manufacturing. Asbestos was overwhelming used in almost all brick products from the turn of the twentieth century until the 1980s when the dangers of airborne asbestos exposure became widely known. Besides adding strength and being fire resistant as well as reducing structural weight, asbestos raw materials were readily sourced, inexpensive and stable.

Asbestos Fiber Exposure from Bricks and Mortar

Brick and mortar asbestos content varied according to their purpose and installation. Firebricks and their mortar contained up to 80 percent asbestos. Fireboxes, flues, and chimneys were able to stand prolonged periods of direct flame contact because the asbestos additives didn’t burn or distort no matter how hot they got. Ordinary clay and concrete bricks couldn’t handle this. Neither could regular Portland cement-based mortar mixes.

MJN Brief

Every worker involved in the brick industry risked severe health problems when working with asbestos-containing materials (ACMs) like bricks. For nearly a century, hundreds of thousands suffered exposure in environments where airborne asbestos fibers floated in clouds about their workplace.

 

These people were handling brick and mortar products with ACMs:

Fieldcraft persons had the highest asbestos exposure risk because they always disturbed asbestos particles while installing bricks. But other workers in the process experienced airborne asbestos from secondary sources. Many brick factories had brick wall construction and hot water boilers wrapped in asbestos linings heated them. As well, asbestos wallboard, tiles, and roofing products abounded.

Asbestos dust also came home to cross-contaminate workers’ families. Bricklayers, their tools, and vehicles were covered by asbestos brick dust by day’s end. They returned home with asbestos particles on their clothes and in their hair. Other construction workers also became exposed to asbestos in bricklaying projects. It was impossible to escape workplace asbestos dust from different materials which put bricklayers, themselves, at risk for cross-contamination.

Brick Products and Mesothelioma

Every worker exposed to brick products containing asbestos was at risk of developing the deadly lung cancer disease called mesothelioma. Asbestos fiber exposure is the single cause of mesothelioma and it’s not treatable in an advanced and aggressive form. The lung lining is called the mesothelium and, over time, inhaling tiny asbestos fibers damages it.

Bricklayers and block masons who worked in dusty asbestos environments continually breathed in microscopic asbestos shards. These micro-abrasion particles impaled the mesothelium and remained permanently attached. Asbestos fibers can’t break down or expel. Over time, they create scar tissue from irritating the mesothelium. There is a lengthy latency period of anywhere from 10 to 50 years, but eventually, develop as malignant tumors in the disease known as mesothelioma.

Compensation for Mesothelioma Victims

Exposure to asbestos dust from working with brick products caused many mesothelioma cases. Tragically, most mesothelioma victims were unaware of airborne asbestos fiber exposure dangers. Now they suffer incurable lung cancer. The only recourse is claiming compensation from negligent producers and suppliers of ACMs.

If you suffer from mesothelioma as the result of workplace asbestos exposure, you deserve compensation. You may claim for medical expenses, personal injury damages and lost income. Families can also file claims on behalf of members ill with mesothelioma. As well, they can sue for wrongful death cases.