Asbestos was a common component used to make floor tiles, specifically before the 1980s. Installers would have worked with these tiles in a wide variety of buildings and projects, meaning they were often in the vicinity of asbestos-containing materials. While exposure is thought to be relatively low, workers may still be at risk of developing asbestos-related diseases such as mesothelioma.
Tile Installers Roles and Responsibilities
It’s the role of a tile installer to physically lay tiles. While they’re not involved in making the tiles themselves, they are responsible for cutting tiles to size and filing edges.
Tile installation usually involves shaping, sanding and fitting tiles. In the past when tiles were made with asbestos, these activities disturbed asbestos fibers, releasing them into the air. Once airborne, asbestos fibers are easily inhaled and can pose serious health risks.
Tile installers were generally given mesh face guards to use when performing dangerous tasks such as sanding, which would create a lot of excess dust. These were designed to protect workers but were not mandatory. They were likely ineffective at keeping out the smallest of dust particles.
Free Mesothelioma Justice Guide
Exposure to asbestos has led to thousands of mesothelioma diagnoses. If you’ve been diagnosed with mesothelioma, the Mesothelioma Justice Guide will help you understand your rights and know the next steps.
Tile Installers and Asbestos Exposure
The majority of tiles before the 1980s were made from vinyl, a reliable yet flexible mixture that was durable and inexpensive. However, asbestos was often added to the other materials for fireproofing in commercial buildings.
Asbestos tiles were widely used from the 1920s until the 1980s and were a popular choice due to their resilience and value for money.
Tile Installers at Minimal Risk
A study published in 2005 looked at the likelihood of asbestos-containing floor tiles causing asbestos-related diseases and concluded that there was a minimal risk to tile installers themselves. While the tiles do contain asbestos, there is little airborne exposure, even with cutting or sanding as the asbestos remains part of a flexible substance that isn’t easily friable.
Asbestos fibers tend to become more friable over time. In the case of tiles, it seems that the fibers mostly remain intact and pose a lower threat to installers. Asphalt and vinyl floor tiles generally contained around 15-20% asbestos. Because they were mixed and bonded with the other materials, there’s a low risk of tile installers inhaling toxic asbestos.
Risks of Tile Removal
Another study in 2002 looked at the risk of asbestos exposure when removing tiles. It found that while there is a risk of older asbestos fibers becoming airborne, the amount was well below the occupational exposure standards. Despite the results of these studies, there have been historical records of tile installers developing mesothelioma.
Vinyl Tiles and Asbestos
Two men in 1970 were diagnosed with mesothelioma. Both admitted to frequently sanding down vinyl tiles for work. An investigation found that there would have been dust concentrations of 1.3 fibers per ml and that fibers were so thin that they could easily pass through the membrane filter that installers wore.
The legal occupational exposure standard is 1.0 fibers per ml, meaning that tile sanding could expose workers to high levels of asbestos and put them at risk of developing mesothelioma.
Today, tiles made with asbestos are generally being phased out in the United States. Old asbestos tiles are legal to remain in buildings as long as they stay in good condition. Old or decomposing tiles run the risk of releasing asbestos fibers into the air. At this point, the asbestos-containing tiles can become highly dangerous.
Tile Installers and Mesothelioma
Asbestos fibers become friable over time and can be easily inhaled. Once inside the body, these fibers attach themselves to the lining of the lungs, heart and abdomen. Over time, asbestos fibers irritate healthy tissues, mutating them into cancerous tumors called mesothelioma.
There have been historical cases of tile installers contracting mesothelioma through work, such as when cutting and sanding tiles containing asbestos fibers.
Access Asbestos Trust Funds
Compensation for treatment, loss of income and other damages is available through Asbestos Trust Funds. Mesothelioma patients and veterans with asbestos-related illnesses may qualify.
Compensation for Tile Installers
If you worked as a tile installer and you’ve since developed mesothelioma, it’s possible you may have developed the disease by working with asbestos-containing tiles. Workers who develop mesothelioma as a result of their employment may qualify for legal compensation to cover their treatment costs.
To learn more about how you may have been exposed to asbestos, contact our Justice Support Team today. Call us at (888) 360-4215 or request our free Mesothelioma Justice Guide for in-depth information on legal compensation and treatment options.